Panama

Panama is host to a large number of refugees and asylum seekers, mainly from Colombia. They arrive due to Panama’s proximity but also due to its economic growth. However, because of high levels of inequality and criminal activity, the displaced youth who arrive are at great risks. The increase in violence, gangs, drugs or bullying affects everyone. However, young refugees do face additional threats such as discrimination, xenophobia, and difficulties in access to education or employment. In light of these risks, RET International has been working in Panama for the socio-economic integration of adolescents and youth and their families who are in need of international protection. The activities conducted at RET will help the youth integrate into their host communities and improve their quality of life by means of a quality education, strong life skills and strengthened local institutions.

  • 1.
    The Crisis Affecting Panama
  • 2.
    Its Impact on Young People
  • 3.
    How RET Protects Them

1. The Crisis Affecting Panama

In the UNDP’s Report on Human Development (2014) Panama holds the 65th position. This puts it in fourth place within the Latin American region. However, Panama also has one of the highest coefficients of social economic inequality of the region as well as one of the highest gender inequality.

In this country of contrasts large parts of the populations live in high levels of vulnerability amidst an economic growth that has lowered unemployment to only 3%.

According to ONPAR, Panama’s National Bureau for Refugees, the country hosts 2’208 recognised refugees, 1’240 individuals requesting asylum, 412 persons within the scope of the law 81 and an estimated 15’000 persons with need of international protection, but which have not been recognised. The majority of refugees in Panama come from neighbouring countries of the region such as Colombia (90%) El Salvador, Nicaragua and Venezuela.

Despite the progress in the Colombian peace negotiations, those in need of international protection continue to arrive in Panama. This is of course due to geographical proximity, but also to the economic growth of the country. Unfortunately, they do not always realise the difficulties they will have to overcome during and after the process of requesting asylum. Panamanian laws are restrictive, specifically in terms of access to livelihoods.

In addition, the drug trade manifests itself through multiple forms: production, consumption, transit, storage as well as money laundering. Criminal activity, gangs and violence are its consequences in society.

2. Its Impact on Young People

According to the 2014 Report on Human Development of Panama the country is going through a process of demographic transition towards older age groups. Young people are decreasing as a proportion of the total population. Absolute numbers however are set to continue growing until 2020.

An expansion of the educational sector has increased assistance to adolescents form 13 – 17 years old. However, the drop out rate continues to be high due to the need to provide resources for the family, lack of interest, domestic work or early pregnancy. Enrolment in education for the 18 – 24 year olds have not increased at all as opportunities for higher education are lacking.

Youth in Panama are extremely exposed to violence. 45% of homicide victims between 2007 and 2012 were young people aged 18 to 24. In 2013, Panama had an estimated 7’500 young people belonging to 355 gangs. This is an urban phenomenon, which is increasingly spreading between communities.

According to the study published in 2012 by the International Labour Organisation the phenomenon of under aged labour has also been increasing in recent years.

Young people in need of international protection are not the only ones confronted to the risks of fragile environments, local youth are as well. The increase in violence, gangs, drugs or bullying affects everyone. However, young refugees do face additional threats such as discrimination, xenophobia, and difficulties in access to education or employment, etc. This creates strong barriers to integration within their host communities.

Young people facing these situations lack proper psychosocial support to overcome the traumas of the events having generated the forced displacement.

3. How RET Protects Them

Since 2009 RET International has been working in Panama for the socio-economic integration of adolescents and youth and their families who are in need of international protection or with a refugee status. We facilitate their participation and create activities, which develop the capacities that will help them integrate their host communities and improve their quality of life.

RET has actively participated in the development of the participative diagnostic conducted by UNHCR in 2014, which has highlighted “the lack of understanding of the condition of refugees in public and private institutions and the community in general.” This lack of understanding puts the refugee community in danger of not having access to their rights and limits their access to basic services.

The regularisation of their documents and in particular those needed to access the education system is an important barrier. RET therefore acts as a facilitator for the legalization of documents needed from Colombia. RET along with the UNHCR, NRC and the Ministry of Education promotes a Ministerial Decree of Co-validation of Titles and Credits Obtained Abroad, which seeks to solve this issue through standardised testing.

RET equally works hand in hand with the public, private and social institutions in the country to raise awareness and propose concrete responses to the needs of the population. This is done so they may have access to their basic rights, improve their integration and become positive actors of society.

In addition, we work to prevent and eradicate under-aged labour in coordination with government entities such as the Ministry of Labour, the Office of the First Lady, the Ministry of Education, the National Secretariat of Children, Adolescents and Family. We also work in the field of disaster risk management hand in hand with UNICEF, the Ministry of Education and the National Secretariat of Children, Adolescents and Family and the Panamanian Institute of Special Abilities in order to strengthen inclusive and safe education during emergencies.

https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/10fyz_Ommb3sylQtV-Q40H_L2HIHNmfrC?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1tfPECuBHxS-Akfyq4CiWbFvN2acW14ca/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1_CMXIsyLN-kQM11EpLsgzi82VrA_30NWeuSVTwfVDps https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1VRYJ2AHc_3PS6Mg6TvB9mGvy8-dxkY9g00aNt0o5A68 https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSd9x6hKUSJsjxiL3dPuM0aMDJx_slvbgOjBahnYI_s6OhJwIA/viewform?usp=sf_link https://calendar.google.com/calendar/event?eid=M2pkZjJvc29rbGFvcHJuaXVwdWY2N3UzNTEgcmVldGFjemFybmVja2k2OUBt https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1dvg-BytNAiaEh8qEg9eQUaKXFDhANPQD&ll=31.969136951982602%2C-92.41699249999999&z=4 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLn1aYhxGqMsC-EefeJZRnOwvVJHzF_o08 https://www.blogger.com/profile/09332662285503823938 https://replicabags1106.blogspot.com/2020/10/replica-bags-gucci-gsvju416.html https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1106/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/14La8_Qz6ohnqPZZ1wLPXGlDYKMqsDOA7s_JV1VEwfCI https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/10zLHiWFJZMEo-LTynKJT7s1FNZRTlRKZ?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1b2ONE2RwZO7OdHMXFCIAEJOZ2jWAbe2i/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1GFzCFw1p5_vlGk4N1yAzmlQ4NH6NuMz2uv2IpdYdhCk https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1c2JkLFokQp7LWdFFHrzc_QMtEBFTDRv60C_--H4X1KU https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdQ_8ld7hBedCvLzizsOEFch7CDZNQLadz2zUac3bNIXLnunA/viewform?usp=sf_link https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=16JGCye6bTH1HLFMWGIM28uFca9-V86sm&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLLdGdeVw-7H5rFT9JUKs19kNZbJLyfX1V https://www.blogger.com/profile/12049914127199115382 https://replicabags1109.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1109/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1W9shs5iRgD64SHES6euRGAo4vlLnwFeZ6B78aGcvNiY https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1YW49-6vdEP6wgP4sjBtrG38-lQ3ZkPGC?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1mtA_d77h81vJF_bvBqR2J8pJwxc-pNgy/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1RYOV6TBV4DuyM9dt5oh9dlPtJabhBcZTQZ6HinWCFmE https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Jc5qQh6pEvpFN2dQeoYo2d6EqrMfor6e-bqlJBjjaMQ https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdbgnPRxtt9SoNiHeV5Zm_rmwDyppW-ciXEBt2g50mMadiB9w/viewform?usp=sf_link https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=171_fjKdtuvBB1yxg4Y_zvLVHUIAZmDhg&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLYVCgtAQZjKW5mlBYQANZ7hiA7IhMUhiH https://www.blogger.com/profile/13889772123475017681 https://replicabags1110.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags11105837/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1CNuJGFdGPOwDnGmz2VPQQ8Kp6gH51SfmwKkpzad7udo https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Ldc-1qpIejvuLphkbeYTf1c1C3LAfWNy/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1wdP-HkrWUjpeJEHtqwz9h5K1RIgXIJ8iiY395_pHB8U https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Gt6E4HQJ-ijBwPevMuJxCMP45OLSuxBYWiUOBAcZYHA https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScwaZNedyXZ_vdmF989vzqFRJ4aCxPJFHA-eEH8Y0IErNijqw/viewform?usp=sf_link https://calendar.google.com/calendar/event?eid=MWQ5cGFsOWphdjVrOTVsbjVoajJra2VhZHEgZXJpY2tzcGV5ZXJAbQ https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1xm4haE_LZcmcMxVqmrcHkT4RwaMESGVO&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4NycyWsdmLzzfUITO4JdnQURbHPiLLqv https://www.blogger.com/profile/16063211964353659298 https://replicabags1111.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1111/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1vwoiyM0eUDu5T5fTToOTWrRKivEkn-3XyDIsGKar0fc https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1wrlBQWzvYEv8TOXtZiq7gbDrBMbZaCfc?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/10x3XDXA_NMILxq3TxI3OlwuCYSsoUKAETj3V66EtgmI https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1i_w8PEXGDN7y8_PcDc-9IJ8w1ISFOtfKpBunLUKXwuc https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSclsx_9QpT5Q0_ohLVu9hLgdg5lnyjrqECNXLhehSkqEmRYQQ/viewform?usp=sf_link https://calendar.google.com/calendar/event?eid=MGdqcml2NmdnaGxjbWJlZnFrbHQ3b2htYzMgY2FpbnN1cmlhbm8xNUBt https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1zasxn5BDNY5khD8r0Vb8ACXjAWB4C7T6&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLnE5RqNirhB3Rvxxy36y2xRljZ1g-5-ch https://www.blogger.com/profile/05201760526343955900 https://replicabags1114.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1114/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1XckKwigonqYR1Vz6Hh729Aws7b061b28cUv3KQmdiww https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1HnBMP73bBQPoO6raWsDocoElrlwu-CHO?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Rr82YHb2zPG7KNjI4BDi6feEqqKpedIo/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/15rnqqptAjW9_Uv-UEofR0JKqVwYPbWcZORE2SOGJAeE https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/10yFU95LpDhMpcGtGYGatbJvRhUSe8fJufOgDh2D3xxI https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdRC-XM0IG8rH2TEaDWJhXO-Vuk5_umDpGEWwORSl8SwaEKPQ/viewform?usp=sf_link https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1PG8wi7OTdYLZG7phY7KmZipnGCI5q4-u&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLokUCtar2lQ0IlwvZ-KkY3k4qCnJmsgoB https://www.blogger.com/profile/07139280671035222240 https://replicabags1117.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1117/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/13q21Xl-Nh28E6fu54Pt9UdGh5ycQXlqnnHYqz7BNdtM https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1O7y_9lcGTVkcJ4VYaQSU9l8al64yY0dy?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1K6xR8aXvFzORi6jf_URwqns9dYZxQsgt/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1brpbP4PqNcJ3rkHil0gNJt-JWLgviMrLa1QbukZbtns https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1qZjI-TV9Q3_gGuF3wj5kwbfNbYl9F6qEFwCMc8kQdX8 https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScOi1PWy3GcjqfUID5hjfBbMd6V5yciPs5xftsLdCn6-qhZuw/viewform?usp=sf_link https://calendar.google.com/calendar/event?eid=MWd1cWI1bms3bDM1YnRkbWVtdjV1NGI1bzEgbWFyY2VsbGluYWZhYmVydEBt https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=16DfCT_iHWsCDNA33MSeQZp3ct3dLe4xf&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLG_aIObnWCcH8nvt9FZr8NHsvdLazXwV- https://www.blogger.com/profile/10009333739592486596 https://replicabags1118.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1118/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1OpsTiAOL2wSDdFcXHOCuaZn75bjauubOytZTG93UBeo https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1tp-V5EomvccoFY2yjNS4NHLNUq1PinZN?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1zYBDCTvXW7sshuAnh7jZx87SHGpbR2Ky/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/149z-zqZ-Id5_up9Nd2G7myUiwAqP7h0Z_ulXzyVn8eQ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1iTbE6cLk9QrLBCK7VDJE2ZTECb_lNUYygdGZhqhw9Ho https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSe45GNhZvB0XjnfWmksfSRxRbXVl3LVeKp63HcXjFuYIUcDrA/viewform?usp=sf_link https://calendar.google.com/calendar/event?eid=MmJwMzkzY2M1cTBtYWMwYzdkN2JkY2I5ZWggYW5ubWFyaWFtb3JlbGxAbQ https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1xYJrFuzk5LZvw7dIuNrnOhsRixTS2PB3&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLkt9zsPYvJIeIyyYwCCEIHBel8vRvTNpk https://www.blogger.com/profile/15291386171561460603 https://replicabags1119.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1119/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1ciRlbj5j9UbgPvnkIxtUfHWWcv5TPFYN4O1394hYhGE https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1MSgGMkBncf_fr66cO9GbjTsqh2-505R7?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1uWMDKhQ7C8ZkdkP2V9HuGd87myrm1dsc/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1BYvo5RRUR9EDt0gc1Q_oyV9rkgkefL6M1PHWH9TvqOk https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1JhGGSqTsSQnLdFmOsl10EBz0qTV3ITlcOKBItAg2TV4 https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScgJYF0E5zO1RasrQeT3iwYJf68TjmUTLgnF0TonfFi0Gikmw/viewform?usp=sf_link https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1AxYu1LzK4aKwh6qR8EeNyB9isYFW5uuc&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLATdmBn-EDCAqaMO7Y43cOZbLAgfyKxEp https://www.blogger.com/profile/13075398158338409612 https://replicabags1120.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1120/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1F_4rKyZty67xuFnUObcPsWKqB_SK1IWIDubgLn7p4Q4 https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1isBdRQB5hHyhwZz3zN77evylMN3QHX4R?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1R9bNQfc6uUh2PpB0uHWyBb38B71_Gi18/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Tn2wbtdpIAOutfHt1NcN3-B3rQFdvs8xjXyMUByuNz0 https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1LEdVd-DfYTzdEJ4H3yB_W0v7uMRrO-rHVLwFNNV6Yqs https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdk0Q7yQgnGw34VlITUc5en-5GfMFOKdKpUHl-9lMMK_TpgWw/viewform?usp=sf_link https://calendar.google.com/calendar/event?eid=N2ttanI2NWc1ajgyYXE0aDY0cWtrbjg4Y20gZG9yeWJlbGxpcGFubmk5QG0 https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1tBVtiwpbvSOxJY_FytSJHGglfbfaSc8D&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLd3vBGH7mrWPDkxOkUJDdpfGJRFJi5zi6 https://www.blogger.com/profile/13254611077736168499 https://replicabags1122.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1122/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1bDpY3DXGeqwQ3sskzs89COEy3MO64_nCE-4L60ai5L0 https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1RKL-_dcM_aFbJ8bt9Z0zidSKwLGM6V4f?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1PJ_477n5fknPeivTBwVM7gWc01MtUfax/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Dtot_u7BqVYg_pT7jVkLf-1qKv1BVlwnD9I_WoBCV7c https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1QkXvQ8zpcfV-0z6YMNhr_vOAcAc1r81v04gCkPp0yp4 https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScroU7kzXGpcKafaLfMon47uFKNv7N-gy4vLOqsE3piZduvQw/viewform?usp=sf_link https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1xraXB5ZP6IWNq1vnUuHbICdK-hqEAxmZ&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLaCuorAY86_g9lHl4-9_FJVoXBKl3aLhE https://replicabags1123.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1123/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1i9_B6KsPSpxioipAcLHeVmTL7oHGYUMSybvVTUmea0k https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1OAU_UcCLttgy3EilR4drqur2o8I03Pk5?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1oYfHMkxxCZ6Z4Di6g6eK5d-PLHvnxmcY/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1IOqVpZjz6AWyguRQlRoqk_LuGGodCFGd3xXlDYFMkSs https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1yRSfnVZVGEZpjt_0BgGx4tQFrw8iS75GDPHITzFDoxs https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScuwOAfAsN7UkRYwvB1lUHWn-HPBhfB39LXLmDVwgeesYkMew/viewform?usp=sf_link https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1p61dMnn2hPQ3DUC5JSfqc6AEChQxC4Wj&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLlY5WvJbhejhjOeoyulEJJQiyB79ss_Bd https://www.blogger.com/profile/10470124376382179987 https://replicabags1124.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1124/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1fpX8leqOBn0zpLxFU2zph1FFURtlby-yquPNLyZE38A https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1nuz0VWkyVCDmGV9zHwx5zFxFxy3tZkWd?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/1-txWvPSVmpOXqyt7eUVcWC-nNhJKSNz_/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1dyQdeH5f2hTuHDZ8QrpW3jSk9wRphVwfJIWjBLHwdwQ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1slLu9TcQK6rpLkoX3MptQwakGxQHUuSigNineWBCEAU https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSe1Z6RQpixGf76Cx7dEEVV4nunpc3XXkzo04OcCo-6czWhvTw/viewform?usp=sf_link https://calendar.google.com/calendar/event?eid=M2JxZWlrc2psbjc5ZXFzMG83ZjR1ZjNiaTYgbm9hbWltYWprdXRAbQ https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=15NkKpvQO0K-b_Z9nORxDSCNVrqNLJGQ3&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLE-9cibR65KQb1bOeLvTxKq_8l7z2tzHL https://www.blogger.com/profile/03138538776579909281 https://replicabags1125.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1125/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1sbf8BKEHSfkT7OHxmka-glUviizYSDcs7YsV7vLxPEQ https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1pn8k1E5dteInDmJRWKYpkDARtzWXWlRO?usp=sharing https://drive.google.com/file/d/10PqxtS9eisPLjIY1F4MpGp0bUqxVmHKU/view?usp=sharing https://docs.google.com/document/d/1bQJbOIf_wSEI6w64fcCKuBE0NERxNxu7ZyPX76DI59Y https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1VEd6yYv7HTo4EzvSurjUeZ2MNVYCuQBtcY_Kvrk22_U https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdPBStJd8G5um1iOimY6Br8JPvk2_blr40BHvzHDcQqDBkTYw/viewform?usp=sf_link https://www.google.com/maps/d/edit?mid=1cx8IwSyzuyjrOWUe_kj4TSurcTsLN_L9&ll=18.364782016499376%2C-92.41699249999999&z=3 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLXvdXy7e9b65FlL39hLQ-cxWAdFNfJfgT https://www.blogger.com/profile/07075126685255927487 https://replicabags1126.blogspot.com https://sites.google.com/site/replicabags1126/ https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1LW5R_0rRYUQq6FR5BDxq7oOMuWf45n3StDnZ7Lo8LvU